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2 of February, 2017Research
Business perception of labor shortage in Hungary

In its analysis the Institute for Economic and Enterprise Research (IEER) examined the perception of labor shortage among Hungarian companies. The analysis is based on the data of the October 2016 Business Climate Survey of 3185 companies among which 2980 answered questions related to recruiting difficulties, and labor and skill shortage. The analysis also covers how recruiting difficulties and expected investments, stock orders, and plans of salary increase are related. The results show that a growing number of Hungarian companies consider recruiting difficulties and labor shortage as an obstacle to business activity and two thirds of them expect that the problems related to this are going to worsen in 2017. The most prevalent problem mentioned by the companies is the recruitment of senior employees. Plans of salary increase and recruiting difficulties are positively related showing that salary increase is a possible way of adaptation to labor shortage among the Hungarian companies.

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22 of December, 2016Research
Short-term Labor Market Forecast – 2017

The following summary comprises the latest results gained from the largest representative survey series on the Hungarian labour market. During the study 6835 company leaders’ answers on employment, on the company’s business situation, and on the company’s future expectations were registered and analyzed. The history of the survey series targeting short-term expectations of the labour market goes back to the years following the regime change of 1989-90 in Hungary. The latest survey in this research program took place between September 7 and October 14, 2016 as the ninth occasion of the collaboration between the Hungarian Ministry for National Economy and the Institute for Economic and Enterprise Research (IEER) to forecast the short-term economic prospects of the private sector, and to review corporations’ labour market decisions in an empirical study.

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28 of October, 2016Research
Impacts of automation on the labor market in Hungary

The new (digital) revolution generates significant changes in the labor market. The result of the ‘skilled-biased technological change’ suggests the following expectations: the demand for unskilled workers will decrease and the demand for high educated labor force will significantly increase. The full automation of certain professions will result in a decrease in the number of work places. In the IEER research the possible effects of automation on the Hungarian labor market were studied with a primary focus on the effects on districts and counties.

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31 of May, 2016Research
Vocational School Research Program – 2016

The research program "Vocational schools" by IEER conducted since 2008 includes two main parts. The aim of the company survey is to map the demand of specific segments in the business sector for vocational school graduates within one year and beyond a three-year time span.
The survey on graduates examines the beginning of the working life of those young people who obtained their qualifications in vocational schools or trade schools 19 months before. The research has a focus point on whether these young people were able or willing to enter the labour market during the 19 months after their graduation.

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27 of January, 2016Research
Short-term Labor Market Forecast – 2016

The latest survey for the annual “Short-term labor market forecast” research project of the Ministry of National Economics and HCCI Institute for Economic and Enterprise Research (IEER) took place in September-October 2015. During the survey county government offices and IEER staff interviewed 7,112 company managers about their current and expected need for labor. The results can be considered representative by the companies’ geographical location and economic sector, and within this by employee numbers. In the following the results of this research are presented compared to other relevant data sources and estimates.

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3 of June, 2015Research
Data on the employment of graduates

Our analysis presents graduates and their socio-economic role and labour market situation based on facts from several researches and correlations that followed from the data. With this we would like to help individuals, institutes and policymakers. The overview is a continuation, the actualization of certain points, and extension of a similar study published two years ago by the Institute for Economic and Enterprise Research (IEER).

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30 of January, 2015Research
The implementation of wage compensation in the private sector

The wage compensation policy helped to offset the negative effect on employment of expected wage increases. The IEER study presents the effects on employment due to the legislative changes of 2012 using data from the National Labour Centre’s Wage Survey and the Hungarian Labor Market Forecast.

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27 of March, 2014Research
Young skilled workers’ chances on the labour market

The aim of the following paper is to unfold some factors that affect the young skilled workers’ chances of getting a job, doing further studies and using the learned profession at work or school. The survey examined the start of the labour market career of young skilled workers who have finished trade school or vocational school in the previous year. The survey focused on the question whether the skilled entrants could or wanted to enter the labour market in a 9-months long period after finishing trade school or vocational school. The results are based on a joint database of yearly databases between 2009 and 2012 that contains data of 10,104 young skilled workers. The results show that higher educated parents’ children have better chances on the labour market and unemployed fathers’ children encounter a higher risk of getting unemployed. The chance of getting a job or using the learned profession in a job or further studies is increased by choosing the profession matching the personal interests, by fulfilling a traineeship at a company, good scholastic records, knowledge of foreign languages and getting a high-school graduation. Further studying results in tangible wage premiums in the short run and in a labour market position stabilized by the skills of getting new knowledge in the long run. As a conclusion we believe that acquiring good general knowledge and studying skills is very important for young skilled workers: the continuously renewing requirements of the labour market and the frequent change of jobs and professions make lifelong learning necessary, thus improving flexibility and skills of knowledge renewal became an important task of the vocational training system.

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5 of March, 2014Research
Vocational School Research Program – 2014

The research program "Vocational schools" by IEER conducted since 2008 includes two main parts. The aim of the company survey is to map the demand of specific segments in the business sector for vocational school graduates within one year and beyond a three-year time span.
The survey on graduates examines the beginning of the working life of those young people who obtained their qualifications in vocational schools or trade schools 19 months before. The research has a focus point on whether these young people were able or willing to enter the labour market during the 19 months after their graduation.

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12 of December, 2013Research
Short-term Labour Market Forecast – 2014

The newest wave of the joint research project by the National Labour Office and the HCCI Institute for Economic and Enterprise Research entitled “Short-term Labour Market Forecast” took place in September and October of 2013. During the survey managers of 7,108 companies were asked about current and expected labour demand. The results can be considered as representative both geographically and by economic sector, as well as by company size. The following is a short presentation of the results compared with other data sources and relevant estimates.

After three years a positive change can be seen in the subjective business situation assessment of companies – the index increased by five percentage points in a year. In the autumn of 2013 the rate of companies that were considered to be in a favourable business situation was 16 percent points higher than those who had a negative outlook. The business outlook for 2014 is more optimistic than at any time in recent years – the index is near 24 points. This optimism can be traced back to the expectations of the companies in the services sector, those within the areas of finance, and export-oriented companies.

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