Perceptions on Business Confidence in France (1997-2018)INSEE business climate summary indicator (all sectors, long term average=100)

The figure is based on the monthly Business Tendency Surveys of INSEE (French National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies), and shows the business climate composite indicators. The questions of surveys relate to the past and future activities of the business, demand for the business' products, workforce, etc. The business climate indicator is intended to summarize the information provided by these surveys and thereby provide an “all sectors” overview of the surveys.